Note: to reflect the recent changes in availability and eligibility of testing for COVID-19, we will be reviewing this tool. The appearance and content may change according to the findings of this review.

Vaccinations in England

The COVID-19 vaccination programme began in England on the 8th December 2020.

To begin with vaccinations were administered in NHS hospital hubs although from the 14th December 2020, vaccinations were also administered through local vaccination services such as GP practices and then in care homes by the end of the year. From 11th January 2021, Vaccination Centres such as sports stadiums also started providing vaccinations and throughout 2021, mobile units were also deployed to support the vaccination programme.

Over time, younger cohorts began being invited whilst priority was given to those in clinically extremely vulnerable groups.

By December 2021, anyone aged 12 and over could book a single dose of a COVID-19 vaccination. Those aged 16 and over would also be able to book a second dose and those aged 18 and over would be able to book a third or booster vaccine dose. The programme was expanded substantially in response to a new variant of COVID-19 designated Omicron.

The first table shows the number of people who have received at least one dose of a COVID-19 vaccine in West Sussex districts.

Area Number of individuals aged 12+ receiving at least one dose Proportion (aged 12+) Number of individuals aged 16-64 receiving at least one dose Proportion (aged 16-64) Number of individuals aged 65 and over receiving at least one dose Proportion (aged 65+)

Data source: https://coronavirus-staging.data.gov.uk

Vaccinations over time

The first figure shows the rolling 7 day number of vaccinations over time for those aged 18 and over (the cohort currently eligible for at least three doses of a COVID-19 vaccination).

You can choose whether to look at actual doses, or the crude rate of doses per 100,000 population. This helps to compare areas as if they had the same population size.

Data source: https://coronavirus-staging.data.gov.uk

The charts for most areas show that second doses ramped up in March 2021 and overtook first doses throughout April, although in some areas first doses have now increased again as younger cohorts have openned up.

The next figure below shows how many vaccinations have taken place by area, dose, and age group.

It shows the cumulative number of first, second and third or booster doses in each area. However, not all age groups are eligible to recieve the same number of doses. You can change the area and age group using the drop down menu.

The black line at the top is the latest estimated number of people of that age group on vaccine registers in the area. It is derived from primary care lists (e.g. where people are registered). As such, it may underestimate populations who are less likely to be registered to a GP practice (such as those who are homeless). For this reason, it is possible that the number of doses given can exceed the number of estimated population to vaccinate.

The number of estimated population, and the total number of doses given so far are also displayed on the top left of the figure.

Data source: https://coronavirus-staging.data.gov.uk

You can get an idea of how much further the vaccination programme needs to go, by seeing how far the yellow line (representing first doses) and importantly the green (representing the second dose) and blue (third or booster doses) are away from the black line on the right hand side of the figure. The closer the lines, the more of a population has received the vaccination.

Change in vaccinations by week and age

The table below shows the number of first, second, and third or booster doses in the last three full weeks (Monday - Sunday) by age group.

By default, it shows West Sussex overall but you can search for a local authority area in West Sussex, or South East region and England. As well as searching for all age groups in one area, you can use the second search bar to search for a specific age group in all areas.

Lastly, you can also sort the table by by clicking on any of the headers. Click the header again to change the direction of the sort (e.g. from ascending to descending order, and vice versa).

Data source: https://coronavirus-staging.data.gov.uk

Local vaccine uptake

The map below shows the variation at a very localised area called an output area (Middle Layer Super Output Area, or MSOA for short) in the number of people aged 12+ having the vaccine across Sussex. This is a running total of people so far.

You can click on an area to find out more, and use your mouse or pointer to zoom in and out.

Data source: NHS England

A deeper look at vaccination uptake

Ensuring that vaccination coverage is high overall as well as within underserved communities is essential for successful delivery of the COVID-19 vaccination programme just like any disease control and elimination strategy.

Inequalities are systematic differences in the status or distribution of resources between different population groups that are unfair or avoidable. We know that some groups may be more or less likely to get a vaccination because of factors such as access to transport, employment, education, ethnicity, as well as bariers related to language.

Whilst this page contains information on uptake by age and by neighbourhood location across Sussex, we have created a suplementary analysis page to explore some of the inequalities in uptake of the COVID-19 vaccine that we can see using the publicly available data on uptake. This can be found on our vaccination inequalities page.